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Introduction: Plantar Fasciitis is a common condition in adult patients. The purpose of this literature review is to determine if there is any evidence for alternative treatments in the regimen of plantar fasciitis that has not been resolved with the standard treatment. Methods: The review was done using Pubmed, CINAHL and SportDiscus. Research was included on the following alternative treatments of PF: corticosteroid(CS) injections, extracorporeal shockwave(ESWT), dry needling, platelet-rich plasma (PRP), autologous blood injection (ABI), cupping, custom insoles, and ultrasound therapy (US). Twelve research articles are included. Results: The alternative treatments within this literature review had some promising statistically significant results that will require further investigation. This included positive results in ultrasounds, extracorporeal shockwave, PRP and steroid injections, insole use, dry needling, and ABI. Nothing definitive can be drawn from the results of the studies done. Some of the studies did not have blinding which makes results further questionable. Further research in all areas needs to be done to help draw definitive conclusions. Conclusion: Currently there is no one definitive alternative approach to add to a patient’s traditional regimen in treatment of PF. Keep in mind that some treatments are more affordable and less invasive than others. Educate patients on the risks, both financial and physical, associated with the alternative treatment.


Physician Assistant Studies

Degree Name

Master of Physician Assistant Studies (MPAS)

First Advisor

Kauffman, Russell

Publication Date

Spring 2023


plantar fasciitis, alternative treatments, plantar fasciitis therapy/treatment


Medicine and Health Sciences

Alternative Treatment Modalities for Plantar Fasciitis