ALL: Master Collection List



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Date of Work





On Display


Empire Art Gallery

Additional Information

Featured in the exhibition, Her Votes Count, Oct. 3 – Nov. 21, 2019, UND Art Collections Gallery at the Empire Arts Center, Grand Forks, ND

Statement provided by artist:

Ripped from the walls of history these "fresco" pieces present a sampling of the pushback to traditional feminine social roles while look forward to a future of self-determination.

Vestales Flaminica

The Vestals or Vestal Virgins. The College of the Vestals and its well-being was regarded as fundamental to the continuance and security of Rome. The Vestals were "freed" of the usual social obligations to marry and bear children and were devoted to the study and correct observance of state rituals that were off limits to the male colleges of priests.

Pope Joan

The mysterious and often denied existence of Pope John the VII of Pope Joan, a female, who reined in the mid 800's disguised as a man. Her secret was discovered when she gave birth and reportedly was executed.


They Faced and persisted against physical, emotional and legalized abuse to push for the right to stand in a voting booth and be represented in society.


Mae Jemison represents women like Sakakawea, Marie Curie, Amelia Earhart, Karen Blixen, Gertrude Bell, and Mary Golda Ross among others who pushed the boundaries into physical spaces occupied predominately by men.

Sui Juris

Sui Juris is the Latin term for possessing full social and Civil rights; not under any legal disability, or the power of another, or guardianship. Having the capacity to manage one's own affairs; not under legal disability to act for one's self. This fresco ends the series with the "glass ceiling" cracking and more to be determined bolstered by the fortitude of those that came before.


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