Date of Award


Document Type

Scholarly Project

Degree Name

Master of Physician Assistant Studies (MPAS)


Physician Assistant Studies

First Advisor

Daryl Sieg


Papillomavirus infections/prevention; Papillomavirus vaccines/ adverse effects; Mass media; vaccination/statistics & numerical data; Health education; Gardasil 9 immunizations; Adolescents; HPV immunization/ methods


The human papillomavirus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted virus that affects both males and females of all ages. An HPV vaccine was developed to help protect against harmful infections caused by the virus. This literature review focuses on the relationship between the HPV vaccine and its low uptake from untoward events, misinformation surrounding the vaccine, and different education methods. PubMed, Clinical Key, and Cochrane electronic databases are used for the literature review. A comprehensive literature review was conducted, and articles utilized were based on the age of the population being 11 to 29 years old, the HPV vaccine’s involvement in the article, and the article being published less than 12 years ago. The results concerning untoward events related to the HPV vaccine are low and misinformation is common in the news and social media. The research showed the most effective techniques for educating a parent were direct provider-parent communication and informational videos.