Artwork from the JSP Estate/Private Collection

 

Artist

Max Ernst

Nationality

German

Artist Dates

1891-1976

Title of Work

Elektra

Preview

image preview

Date of Work

1939

Medium

Lithograph

Signature

Signed in stone

Height

12 1/2"

Width

9 1/2"

Collection/Provenance

Art & Design Study Collection: James Smith Pierce Collection

Status

Displayed: SMHS Art Gallery, 2nd Floor

Location

School of Medicine & Health Sciences Building

Artist Bio

Max Ernst was a German sculptor, graphic artist, painter, and poet primarily involved in the Dada movement and Surrealism. Ernst had no formal artistic training but has gone on to invent the artistic techniques of ‘frottage’ and ‘grattage’.

In 1939, at the outbreak of the war, Ernst was interred in Camp des Milles as an ‘undesirable foreigner’ for several weeks before being released. Ernst then fled to the United States for the remainder of the war and later returned to France.

Additional Information

Max Ernst was so fascinated with the new rise in psychology and psychoanalysis procedures created by Sigmund Freud at the time, that he decided to use Freudian dream theories on himself to discover the root of his own creativity. By tapping into his unconscious he was able to delve even further into the Surrealism movement. The title "Elektra" is Ernst's personal depiction from Freud's Electra Complex, or a facet of a psychosexual relational competition between a young girl and her mother for the love of her father.

Created for XXe Siecle (No. 5-6)

Work included in 'School of Paris' exhibition, 2019.

Condition

Good

Condition Notes

Tape hinges verso

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