US Government Documents related to Indigenous Nations

Congress

61st Congress, 2d Session

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Description

This Act, dated June 1, 1910, also known as United States (US) Public law 61-197, authorizes and directs the US Secretary of the Interior to cause to be surveyed, and to sell and dispose of all the surplus unallotted and unreserved lands within the portion of the Forth Berthold Indian Reservation in North Dakota lying east and north of the Missouri River.

Numerous provisions included in the Act cover such topics as the reserving of lands on which coal or other minerals have been discovered, the allowing of tribal members to relinquish allotments in the area described and select allotments from an area in which additional allotments are to be made, the making of additional allotments of agricultural or grazing land to tribal members, the reserving of land for agency, school and religious purposes, the preservation of the ruins of the old Fort Berthold Indian village and adjacent burial grounds, the opening of the lands described to settlement under town-site and homestead laws, the reserving of timber lands for the use by the tribes, the crediting of the tribes with the proceeds from the sale of the described lands, and a great number of other details and considerations.

This public law later caused confused as to whether the northeast quadrant of the Fort Berthold Reservation was still part of the reservation. The 1972 case “The City of New Town, North Dakota v. US” clarified that the northeast quadrant remains part of the reservation. The 1992 and 1994 cases “Duncan Energy v. Three Affiliated Tribes” both affirmed this boundary clarification as well.

Publication Date

6-1-1910

Keywords

mineral rights, Homestad Act, allotment, Mandan Hidatsa and Arikara Nation, the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, Mandan, Nueta, Hidatsa, Arikara, Sahnish, Civil War, Spanish-American War, Phillipine-American War

Organizations Referenced

US Congress, US House of Representatives, US Senate, President of the United States, US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey, US Office of Indian Affairs, Mandan Hidatsa and Arikara Nation, the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, Mandan, Nueta, Hidatsa, Arikara, Sahnish

Publisher

Government Printing Office

Disciplines

American Politics | Indigenous, Indian, and Aboriginal Law | Indigenous Studies | Law and Politics | Native American Studies | United States History

Recommended Citation

An Act to Authorize the Survey and Allotment of Lands Embraced within the Limits of the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation, in the State of North Dakota, and the Sale and Disposition of a Portion of the Surplus Lands after Allotment, and Making Appropriations and Provisions to Carry the Same into Effect. Public Law 197. US Statutes at Large 36, (1910): 455-459. https://commons.und.edu/indigenous-gov-docs/55/

An Act To Authorize the Survey and Allotment of Lands Embraced Within the Limits of the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation, in the State of North Dakota, and the Sale and Disposition of a Portion of the Surplus Lands After Allotment, and Making Appropriation and Provision to Carry the Same into Effect

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