US Government Documents related to Indigenous Nations


81st Congress, 1st session



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This United States (US) Public Law, dated October 29, 1949, also known as US Public Law 81-437, and commonly referred to as "The Taking Act," identifies the lands of the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation that are to be vested in the US, and the procedures and mechanisms by which the Tribes are to be compensated for these lands, along with the costs for relocating residents, cemeteries, monuments and shrines.

Also detailed in this US Public Law are mechanisms for appraising the lands and for adjudication in the event that an appraisal is rejected by a tribal member.

This US Public Law also details privileges of the tribes and their members to remove timber, sand, gravel, lignite, and improvements made within the area of the Taking prior to the impoundment of waters, as well as their rights to electric power generated by the Garrison Dam project.

The notably coercive contract known as the "Garrison Dam Agreement" was signed by MHA Nation Tribal Chairman George Gillette on May 21, 1948 and served as the foundation for this public law.

Publication Date



The Taking Act, Taking Act, Aricara, Arikara, Arikaree, Belantse-Etoa, Hidatsa, Hundi, Mandan, Mandan Hidatsa and Arikara Nation, MHA Nation, Minnitaree, Nueta, Ree, Sahnish, Sanish, Three Affiliated Tribes, Three Affiliated Tribes of Fort Berthold Reservation

Organizations Referenced

US Congress, US House of Representatives, US Senate, US War Department, US Treasury, US Bureau of Indian Affairs, US Department of the Army, US District Court for North Dakota, Three Affiliated Tribes of Fort Berthold, US Department of the Interior


Government Printing Office


American Politics | Indigenous, Indian, and Aboriginal Law | Indigenous Studies | Law and Politics | Native American Studies | United States History

An Act to Vest Title to Certain Lands of the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota, in the United States, and to Provide Compensation Therefor



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