International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Poly- adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribose (PAR) is a polymer synthesized as a posttranslational modification by some poly (ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs), namely PARP-1, PARP-2, tankyrase-1, and tankyrase-2 (TNKS-1/2). PARP-1 is nuclear and has also been detected in extracellular vesicles. PARP-2 and TNKS-1/2 are distributed in nuclei and cytoplasm. PARP or PAR alterations have been described in tumors, and in particular by influencing the EpithelialMesenchymal Transition (EMT), which influences cell migration and drug resistance in cancer cells. Pro-EMT and anti-EMT effects of PARP-1 have been reported while whether PAR changes occur specifically during EMT is currently unknown. The PARP-1/2 inhibitor Olaparib (OLA) is approved by FDA to treat certain patients harboring cancers with impaired homologous recombination. Here, we studied PAR changes and OLA effects on EMT. Total and nuclear PAR increased in EMT while PAR belts were disassembled. OLA prevented EMT, according to: (i) molecular markers evaluated by immuno-cytofluorescence/image quantification, Western blots, and RNA quantitation, (ii) morphological changes expressed as anisotropy, and (iii) migration capacity in the scratch assay. OLA also partially reversed EMT. OLA might work through unconventional mechanisms of action (different from synthetic lethality), even in non-BRCA (breast cancer 1 gene) mutated cancers.
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Michelle Schacke, Janani Kumar, Nicholas Colwell, et al.. "PARP-1/2 Inhibitor Olaparib Prevents or Partially Reverts EMT Induced by TGF-β in NMuMG Cells" (2019). Biomedical Sciences Faculty Publications. 9.