Title of Work
Date of Work
Initialed in the lithographic stone.
Art & Design Study Collection
UND Art Collections Gallery at the Empire Arts Center
Honoré Daumier was a prolific painter, printmaker and caricaturist born in 1808 in Marseille, France. In 1822 Daumier studied under Alexandre Lenoir, an artist and archaeologist that was dedicated to saving French monuments during the French Revolution. One year later he went on to attend the Académie Suisse. His works are best known for commenting and critiquing on the 19th century social and political life in France. Honoré Daumier's works can be found at the Louvre, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Rijksmuseum, and several other prominent collections internationally. The University of North Dakota holds more than 1600 works by Daumier, the vast majority of which are part of the Lilly Jacobson Collection, which can be accessed here: https://commons.und.edu/daumier-prints/.
Aside from making powerful politically-charged images that reflected his pro-republican views, Daumier satirized lawyers, doctors, businessmen, professors, and lifestyles of the bourgeoisie. Although the inscriptions that accompany Daumier’s lithographs were not written by him, one might assume they mostly conveyed the spirit of the artist’s intent behind his images.
Published in Le Charivari
Original text: LE REMÈDE DE MIMI VÉRON apothicaire en chef du Constitutionnel. - Prenez....... prenez, il n'y a que cela qui puisse vous sauver!
Translation: THE REMEDY OF MIMI VÉRON Chief Apothecary of the Constitutional. - Take ....... take, only that can save you!
In this lithograph, which references the pharmaceutical world, an apothecary attempts to inject an enema syringe into France (personified by a female figure). The enema would allow President Louis Napoleon to stay in office for ten years, instead of four—which was then the limit set by the Second Republic Constitution.
Included in the Honoré Daumier III: Law, Medicine, and Social Satire exhibition, 2018.