Title of Work
Date of Work
Initialed in the lithographic stone.
University Art Collections: Art & Design Study Collections
UND Art Collections Gallery at the Empire Arts Center
Honoré Daumier was a prolific painter, printmaker and caricaturist born in 1808 in Marseille, France. In 1822 Daumier studied under Alexandre Lenoir, an artist and archaeologist that was dedicated to saving French monuments during the French Revolution. One year later he went on to attend the Académie Suisse. His works are best known for commenting and critiquing on the 19th century social and political life in France. Honoré Daumier's works can be found at the Louvre, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Rijksmuseum, and several other prominent collections internationally. The University of North Dakota holds more than 1600 works by Daumier, the vast majority of which are part of the Lilly Jacobson Collection, which can be accessed here: https://commons.und.edu/daumier-prints/.
Aside from making powerful politically-charged images that reflected his pro-republican views, Daumier satirized lawyers, doctors, businessmen, professors, and lifestyles of the bourgeoisie. Although the inscriptions that accompany Daumier’s lithographs were not written by him, one might assume they mostly conveyed the spirit of the artist’s intent behind his images.
Published in Le Charivari
Original Text: Robert-Macaire Médecin
Diable ! ne plaisantez pas avec cette maladie !…. Croyez moi, buvez de l’eau, beaucoup d’eau. Frottez-vous les os des jambes et revenez me voir souvent, ça ne vous ruinera pas mes consultations sont gratuites……… Vous me devez 20 f pour ces deux bouteilles. On reprend le verre pour 10 centimes.
Translation: Robert Macaire, doctor.
Devil ! do not joke with this disease!…. Trust me, drink water, lots of water. Rub your leg bones and come back to see me often, it won't ruin you my consultations are free ……… You owe me 20 f for these two bottles. We take the glass for 10 cents.
Robert Macaire is a villainous character adopted by Daumier from a melodrama that was popular at the time. Daumier recreates him as a charlatan involved in numerous professions, among them the doctor and pharmacist. Here Macaire swindles a patient while offering supposedly “free” consultations.
Included in Honoré Daumier III: Law, Medicine, and Social Satire exhibition, 2018.