ALL: Master Collection List




Artist Dates



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Date of Work





Initialed in the lithographic stone.


11 1/4"


Art & Design Study Collection


Stored: FF_006_T


UND Art Collections Repository

Artist Bio

Honoré Daumier was a prolific painter, printmaker and caricaturist born in 1808 in Marseille, France. In 1822 Daumier studied under Alexandre Lenoir, an artist and archaeologist that was dedicated to saving French monuments during the French Revolution. One year later he went on to attend the Académie Suisse. His works are best known for commenting and critiquing on the 19th century social and political life in France. Honoré Daumier's works can be found at the Louvre, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Rijksmuseum, and several other prominent collections internationally. The University of North Dakota holds more than 1600 works by Daumier, the vast majority of which are part of the Lilly Jacobson Collection, which can be accessed here:

Aside from making powerful politically-charged images that reflected his pro-republican views, Daumier satirized lawyers, doctors, businessmen, professors, and lifestyles of the bourgeoisie. Although the inscriptions that accompany Daumier’s lithographs were not written by him, one might assume they mostly conveyed the spirit of the artist’s intent behind his images.

Additional Information

Que diable est-ce qu’ils font là haut! 1870

English: What the devil are they doing up there?

Gillotage/lithograph, published in Le Charivari, initialed in the impression

Purchased with funds from the Myers Foundations

University Art Collections: Art & Design Study Collection

Appearing in Le Charivari three weeks before the collapse of France’s Second Empire (1852-1870), the subject is a satirical commentary on the Franco Prussian War, in which Emperor Louis Napoleon had foolishly involved France.

The print features Father Rhine, god of the river separating France from Germany, who fails to comprehend what is happening above the water. Next to the god is a Prussian helmet that has sunk to the river’s bottom and above him a dead soldier’s body floats on the surface.


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