ALL: Master Collection List

 

Nationality

French

Artist Dates

1808-1879

Title of Work

De Charybde en Scylla

Preview

image preview

Date of Work

1869

Medium

Lithograph

Signature

Initialed in the lithographic stone.

Height

13"

Width

11 1/2"

Collection/Provenance

Art & Design Study Collection

Status

Stored: FF_010_D

Location

UND Art Collections Repository

Artist Bio

Honoré Daumier was a prolific painter, printmaker and caricaturist born in 1808 in Marseille, France. In 1822 Daumier studied under Alexandre Lenoir, an artist and archaeologist that was dedicated to saving French monuments during the French Revolution. One year later he went on to attend the Académie Suisse. His works are best known for commenting and critiquing on the 19th century social and political life in France. Honoré Daumier's works can be found at the Louvre, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Rijksmuseum, and several other prominent collections internationally. The University of North Dakota holds more than 1600 works by Daumier, the vast majority of which are part of the Lilly Jacobson Collection, which can be accessed here: https://commons.und.edu/daumier-prints/

Aside from making powerful politically-charged images that reflected his pro-republican views, Daumier satirized lawyers, doctors, businessmen, professors, and lifestyles of the bourgeoisie. Although the inscriptions that accompany Daumier’s lithographs were not written by him, one might assume they mostly conveyed the spirit of the artist’s intent behind his images.

Additional Information

Series: ACTUALITÉS

Published in Le Charivari

Original Text: De Charybde en Scylla, 1869

English: Scylla and Charybdis

Lithograph, published in Le Charivari, initialed in the lithographic stone

Purchased with funds from the Myers Foundations

University Art Collections: Art & Design Study Collection

Dating the year before the Franco-Prussian war, the print references Greek mythology. A rowboat (Europe) tries to navigate between the hazardous shores of Scylla and Charybdis. Marianne (symbol of France) handles the oars. Inscribed on Scylla’s cliffs is the “question of Germany” and on Charybdis’ cliffs the “question of the Orient” (referring to the Ottoman Empire). Daumier’s use of visual metaphors alludes to real dangers that France faced during the last years of the Second Empire. Indeed, Germany and France began a war the next year, which France lost.

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