Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Recent literature has identified a subtype of anxious people who appear to be at risk for aggression as opposed to inhibited and withdrawn as might otherwise be predicted among anxious individuals. While physical aggression is not typically associated with anxiousness, the current study examined the effect of both state and trait anxiety and other development factors on laboratory-provoked aggression in males.
Participants (N = 56) were randomly assigned to anxiety induction and control groups. An attempts was made to induce anxiety using a videotapes speech procedure. Several self-report measures were completed to gather developmental information such as history of aggressiveness, childhood abuse, exposure to domestic violence, executive functioning skills, and trait aggression. State anxiety was measured using heart rate and self-report measures, and aggressiveness was measured using the Taylor Aggression Paradigm (TAP), which required participants to compete and administer shock to a fictitious opponent. Consistent with hypotheses, increased provocation was successful in increasing the level of shock participants administered to fictitious opponents in a reaction time competitive task. State and Trait Anxiety were not found to have a significant impact on the level of aggressiveness observed in the laboratory experiment. Executive functioning, history of violent experiences, and trait aggression were not found to effect the aggressiveness of these laboratory participants. Implications for the impact of provocation and a range of personal attributes on aggressiveness were discussed.
Chase, Samantha L., "State Anxiety and High-Risk Developmental Influences on Laboratory-Provoked Aggression" (2012). Theses and Dissertations. 699.