Brenda Sanya

Date of Award

January 2023

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



First Advisor

Dawn Denny


Study Purpose and Design: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and intentions to engage in mindful self-care among nurses working in the perianesthesia setting. The study utilized cross-sectional design and was guided by the Theory of Planned Behavior. Methods: Modified Theory of Planned Behavior questionnaire and Mindful Self Care Scale were utilized for data collection among 85 perianesthesia nurses using a survey through the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses (ASPAN). Findings: Regression analyses demonstrated that attitude (β=0.51, t=5.63, p=0.001) and self-compassion and purpose (β=0.29, t=2.54, p=0.013) were significant factors influencing the intention to engage in mindful self-care. Overall, the model was a good fit at F(8,76)=9.33; p<.05; Adjusted R2 =0.44. Conclusion: This study found that there was no difference in rural and non-rural perianesthesia nurses in seeking mindful self-care. The findings from this study contribute uniquely to literature on the emerging concept of mindful self-care for nurses and to the theoretical use of the Theory of Planned Behavior questionnaire in nursing. Implications: The results from this study could be used to develop theory-based interventions that promote the maintenance of health behavior that enhances self-care. Nurse leaders could consider incorporating strategies and initiatives that cultivate a sense of self-compassion and purpose into their overall approach to staff well-being. Future research emerging from these results could target assessing beliefs on mindful self-care.