Date of Award


Document Type

Independent Study

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


According to the National Trauma Institute [NTI] (2014), trauma accounts for 41 million United States emergency department visits and 2.3 million hospital admissions. It is the leading cause of death in people age 1-46 years and is the third leading cause of death overall. Doumouras, Keshet, Nathens, Ahmed, and Hicks (2014) reported that errors in trauma resuscitation can be linked to deficiencies in trauma team processes and performance. These deficiencies were found in a level II trauma center in a small Midwestern city. This project was developed to provide evidence-based team training strategies to improve the care of the trauma patient at the facility. Simulation was chosen as the method of instrnction, based on the theoretical framework provided by Bandura's Social Learning Theory and Taimer's Model of Clinical Judgment. A comprehensive literature review was conducted to identify evidence-based strategies for simulation program development. The evidence was presented to the key stakeholders at the facility in order to gain feedback and fmther recommendations for the project. This project directly impacted nursing as it addressed knowledge, skills and attitudes of each of the six core competencies for graduate nurses, as identified by the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses [QSEN] initiative (QSEN, 2014)