Date of Award


Document Type

Independent Study

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Obesity has been a focus of medical and public health attention for decades; however, a relative paucity of information exists regarding the management of obesity in the geriatric population. It is known that standard, young adult recommendations to manage weight cannot be applied directly to the older population due to the potential of adverse health outcomes, but the most effective strategies are controversial (Heintze et al., 20 l 0). The goal of weight management is unique for this population and poses a challenge for health care providers when managing, treating, and counseling patients. With the current trends of obesity and its associated health consequences, rare professionals are unable 10 ignore this health epidemic. The purpose of this project is to present evidence and accepted clinic<1l practice guidelines that differentiate some of the most effective strategies for managing obesity in the geriatric population. The Health Belief Model (HBM) was the theoretical framework used in this study. This model was initiated to help examine why some people use preventive measures to keep themselves healthy, while others do not. By understanding the constructs of the HBM, health care professionals will be able to influence a person's health care decision based on how he or she views their health status

A comprehensive literature review unveiled the magnitude and seriousness of the obesity epidemic. It clearly illustrates the complexity of obesity, and it proves the idea that a multifaceted approach is essential to overcome the obesity epidemic. The literature review also provided the author an evaluation of weight management strategies for the obese geriatric population. This information will provide evidenced-based research that will educate individuals, communities, and health care professionals, about obesity and weight management strategies available to promote optimal health