Date of Award


Document Type

Independent Study

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Suicide is a national public health concern which can result in emotional and physical devastation for individuals, families, and communities. Suicide leads to unanswered questions for families and communities directly impacted by suicide. There are approximately 30,000 suicidal deaths nationally in the United States; however in the American Indian population the suicide rate is 1.7 times higher than all races in the United States (Wexler & Gone, 2012). Suicide is the second leading cause of death in the 15-24 age groups in the American Indian/Alaskan Native (AVAN) population. Some American Indian communities experience suicidal clusters which results when one suicide influences others to attempt suicide (Indian Health Service, n.d).

The Linking Education and Awareness of Depression and Suicide curriculum (LEADS), American Indian Life Skills Development (AILS DC), and the Signs of Suicide (SOS) are evidenced based interventions reviewed and incorporated into school curriculums to address suicide prevention. A review of literature will be conducted to evaluate these curricula and determine which would be most effective for implementation as a suicide prevention strategy in AI youth populations