Date of Award


Document Type

Independent Study

Degree Name

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)


Chlamydia Trachomatis infection has historically been a focus of primary health of adolescents and young adults in the age group between 15-24 years of age. Satterwhite et al. (2013) report sexually transmitted infections (ST!) are disproportionately larger amongst adolescent groups than adults. STI's are growing in a day and age where health promotion and disease prevention are at the forefronts of the minds of many providers. Chlamydia infections within the United States have increased nationally. Most recent statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2013) indicate that in 2001 the chlamydia rates for women were 429.6/100,000 population and in 2011 were found to be increased to 648.9/100,000 population. The CDC has noted that America's youth are importunately affected by this infection citing that half of the STI's occur in young men and women (CDC, 2013). This is an estimated direct medical cost to the nation of 16 million dollars. This increase indicates a need for an in-depth literature review to assist in identifying better ways to screen for this disease. The question that is examined throughout this literature review will explore the increased rates of chlamydia within the at-risk cohort of 15–24-year-olds and whether mass screening of this population would be effective means of identifying chlamydia.