Date of Award

January 2022

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Teaching & Learning

First Advisor

Bonni Gourneau


Digital skills are essential in today’s digital age, which means that students require technology-enhanced skills in higher education to succeed in their future careers. In this study, faculty and students in an Art & Design (A&D) program at a Midwestern university were surveyed regarding their perspectives and experiences. During the COVID-19 pandemic, this university changed its teaching and learning strategy by offering courses online during the Fall 2020 and Spring 2021 semesters, where quarantine was mandatory. Still, the A&D program did not provide all courses online. This study included online surveys based on three constructs of quality of studio learning, traditional studio learning opportunities, and online studio learning opportunities from either live studios (on-campus) or online studios. The findings indicated that the data surveys offered the differences in mean scores, standard deviations, and percentage of some form of agreement between faculty perspectives and student experiences in this A&D program. This quantitative research and future research aim to develop assessments through implications of practice from advantages and disadvantages with recommendations while establishing what would be possible to include in all A&D courses online in higher education.