Date of Award

January 2021

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Teaching & Learning

First Advisor

Cheryl Hunter


Health disparities continue to exist in minority populations in the United States. People ofcolor have a higher incidence of negative birth outcomes; and view their experiences with less satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to explore what Somali Muslim have women have experienced during their labor and delivery in Minnesota and North Dakota. This research was conducted to improve our understanding of the needs of Somali women during labor and delivery in order to provide nursing care that is culturally sensitive. Phenomenological data was collected from personal interviews with Somali women who had given birth in North Dakota and Minnesota. Data was coded for themes and implications for improving nursing education and practice were identified. Findings indicate that ineffective communication because of language barriers was a primary reason for dissatisfaction of the participants’ labor experience. The need for nurses to provide culturally sensitive care is central to the profession and should be ingrained during nursing education and continue into practice.