Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Education, Health & Behavior Studies


The purpose of this study was to discover a method of administering exercises in a graded physical education program that would not use excessive class time for the calisthenic period. Twenty-four elementary school children from the Benjamin Franklin Elementary School in Grand Forks, North Dakota, participated in the study. Experimental Group One took part in a graded program which included types of calisthenics within the activity. Experimental Group Two exercised for twelve minutes before regular activity. The Grand Forks Physical Fitness Test was used to measure levels of physical development.

Two statistical comparisons were: (1) a within group comparison between the results of the pre-test and post-test means of the groups, (2) a between group comparison of the means of the pre-test and posttest. The null hypothesis was assumed in the analysis of the significance of the difference between means at the .05 level. This hypothesis was tested with the "t" technique for the difference between means derived from correlated and uncorrelated scores from small samples.

Based on the results of this study it seems apparent that there were some aspects of differences in physical fitness within groups. However, the tween the two level of conf treatment of the data with respect to the difference be- groups indicated no significant difference at the .05 idence with respect to physical fitness.

Based on these facts that only small significant differences were elicited in this study it is recommended the time formerly spent on calisthenics may be utilized more efficiently on activity skills.