Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Education, Health & Behavior Studies
The purpose of this study was to compare the manifest psychological needs and teaching attitudes of male freshman and sophomore majors in physical education at the University of North Dakota during the 1966-67 school year. The Edwards Personal Preference Schedule was administered to determine the manifest needs of the subjects. The Minnesota Teacher Attitude Inventory was used to determine the teaching attitudes of the subjects.
The EPPS results of the freshmen and sophomores were compared by the "t" test.
The MTAI results of the freshmen and sophomores were also compared by the "t" test.
The MTAI mean score of the freshmen was correlated with the mean score of each EPPS variable. This procedure was similarly fol-■ lowed using the data of the sophomores.
The .05 level of confidence was used throughout the study. The sophomores scored significantly higher than the freshmen on the Intraception subscale of the EPPS. Consequently, they were pictured as more emphathetic and self-analytical than the freshmen.
No significance was found in the "t" ratio between the two groups (freshmen and sophomores) on the MTAI at the .05 level of confidence. Thus, no differences in their attitudes toward teaching were indicated.
The Order subscale of the EPPS was the sole variable found to be significantly correlated with the MTAI results of the freshmen. These subjects were described as tending to be autocratic while feeling the need to be highly organized and arranged.
The Achievement subscale of the EPPS was the sole variable found ) to be significantly correlated with the MTAI results of the sophomores. The need of these subjects to be successful and accomplished was significantly related to an autocratic attitude.
Ashley, Craig B. M., "A Comparison of the Manifest Needs and Teaching Attitudes of Selected Male Freshman and Sophomore Majors in Physical Education at the University of North Dakota" (1967). Theses and Dissertations. 3986.