Date of Award

January 2021

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Counseling Psychology & Community Services

First Advisor

Tamba-Kuii D. Bailey


A large body of literature evaluates the impact of acculturation on immigrants in the U.S. but fails to capture the conditions of their spouses (F2/H4 visas). The gendered immigration policies restrict the spouses who are predominantly women from employment, higher education, and any privileges that come with it. To analyze what variable might impact their psychological health, this paper evaluates gender and class factors. The study also explored show much these women are involved in household decision making process. Independent t tests and correlational analysis is used to assess the impact of perceived social status and gender role beliefs on the self-efficacy and quality of life of F2/H4 visa holders in the United States. The study results demonstrated a positive correlation between perceived social status and quality of life, and the participants with better quality of life had higher self-efficacy. No significant relationship was established between gender role belief and the dependent variables. The study discusses how the perception of social status can alter a dependent female spouse's state of being and ability to face future challenges. Research implications for service providers and researchers are discussed.