Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Kinesiology & Public Health Education


The purpose of this study was to determine what types of zone offense are used by Class "A" High School Basketball Coaches in North Dakota.

Thirty-seven questionnaires along with basketball court diagrams with four different zone defenses already drawn on them were sent to all Class "A" basketball coaches. Thirty-one questionnaires were received and an analysis made. Each type of offense was then drawn and explained on a court diagram.

The most common defense encountered within the last five years was the "2-1-2" zone defense.

All coaches used screens to prevent normal defensive movement and believed in movement of offensive personnel through the zone defense.

The "1-3-1" rotation offense was the most popular attack with the "2-1-2" offensive pattern revealing the most variations.

The diagonal-cut check was used by twenty-eight of the coaches as a method of determining the type of defense being used.

The results of the offensive pattern revealed many different methods of attack with each coach using one basic offensive pattern to attack the four zone defenses used in this study.