Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Kinesiology & Public Health Education


The investigation was made to determine whether there were personality differences between male and female nonswimmers and male and female swimmers using the Edwards Personal Preference Schedule as the test instrument. The 15 variables, of the test instrument, were administered to 144 University of North Dakota students enrolled in the swimming service program in the second semester 1971-1972. Only students categorized as beginner, intermediate and advanced were used in this study. Subjects were compared on the basis of swimming proficiencies, personality tests, and biographical data forms using the Unadjusted Main Effects Method to statistically analyze the data obtained. Comparisons revealed significant differences at the .05 level of confidence between nonswimmers and swimmers. The biographical data indicated a need to investigate methods of teaching swimming based on indications of pertinent personality traits, fears, and experiences in the water.