Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Kinesiology & Public Health Education


The purpose of this study was to determine whether a training program could be found which would enable middle and long distance runners to improve their performances in a short period of time.

Three groups (Fartlek, Interval, and American) of six subjects each were equated with the matched pairs technique. The groups were tested in the spring of 1969 after twelve days of training. The test used in this study was the 880 yard run. The runners participated in a six week conditioning and training period before the retest was administered.

Between group comparisons were made using the mean differences for each group between initial and final test results. A pre-post test comparison was also made within each group. The null hypothesis was assumed in making the comparisons with rejection at the .05 level. This hypothesis was tested with the "t" technique for the significance of the difference between means derived from correlated scores from small samples.

The results of the within group comparisons showed significant improvement in each of the three groups tested. The results of between group comparisons showed that the American and Interval groups improved significantly more than did the Fartlek training group. However, there was no significant difference between the American group and the Interval group.