Date of Award


Document Type

Independent Study

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a self-concept enhancement program on the self-concepts of four-year-old children, and to discover significant aspects of their environment which are related to their self-concepts.

The population sample consisted of all four-year-olds (pretest=57» posttest*.52) attending Kiddie Kampus Preschool, Grand Forks Air Force Base, North Dakota. Both the experimental group (N=3^) receiving the self-concept enhancement program, and the control group (N=l8) not receiving the treatment program, were assessed during the pretesting and posttesting periods. The twenty-five variables assessed by The Thomas.Self-Concept Values Test (19 scales) and the Developmental Profile (6 scales) were used a data for testing HI, H2, and H3. An additional source of data was the child characteristic questionnaire used to isolate key environmental factors in order to see how these . were related to the children’s self-concepts (H^).

For the control group (HI) there were significant increases on three self-concept scales; whereas, the experimental group (H2) showed significant increases on fourteen scales. In comparing self-concept change for the two groups (H3), the experimental group was shown to have significantly more changes in self-concept scores than the control group. In studying the relationship between child characteristics assessed by the questionnaire (14) and the T3CVT scales (19) as stated in H^, the investigator found nine child characteristics to be significantly related to thirteen child self-concept scales.