Date of Award


Document Type

Independent Study

Degree Name

Master of Public Administration (MPA)


Political Science & Public Administration


For the approximate two hundred years of their relationship, the federal government has dictated the life situation of Indians. The federal government has vacillated in both the method and goal in its role as dominate partner. Indian tribes have sometimes been regarded as governments through treaties; viewed as immigrants in plans of assimilation; and have been viewed as a "primitive peoples" to be preserved from modern day corruption. Most recently, they have been offered self-determination, - i.e., the eventual power to assimilate and to preserve their heritage as they as Indians desire. The government, however, has not relinquished this control easily; if at all. This study shows that the government nor the Indians are completely to blame for the slow progress of the implementation process of P.L. 93-638.