Bernice Pavek

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EdD)


Educational Leadership


Problem: This study examined two samples of North Dakota Women, the recognized group and the control group. The purpose was to determine the models of the women in the two groups and to identify personal and family characteristics, educational development and experiences, vocational patterns, avocational interests and values that were similar to both groups and those that were significantly different between the two groups.

Procedures: After the identification of the recognized sample a randomly selected control sample was compiled. There were 10$ women, originally, in each group.

An opinion questionnaire, a personal data inventory and the Allport-Vernon-Lindzey Study of Values Test Booklet were sent to each member of both samples.

Statistical treatments included the chi square and multiple regression analysis to determine significant differences between the two sample groups.

Findings: An examination of the data showed that there were models which the individuals in both samples were able to recall who had served as role influentials. For 78% of the combined groups the role model was in the family. The sex difference of the role model was found to be non-significant.

The women of the experimental group, recognized sample, were older, had worked longer and were more likely to be unmarried.

The type of employment, vocation pursued, was also significantly different. The experimental group had more women who worked in non-traditional female jobs and more women who had considered such careers throughout their development .

The women in the experimental group were more likely to have grown up in a family setting where an activist female model existed.

The data from the Study of Values instrument revealed that in the theoretical value there was a difference between the two groups that was significant.

Statistical analysis of the Androgynous Word Scale •h found two of the twenty words evaluated to be significantly different. These two words were self-reliance and independence.

Conclusions: Based upon the data collected for the study, the follow ing conclusions seem appropriate:

1. Women in North Dakota have had models, significant people in their lives, who were important to their development. These models were usually within the family.

2. The women within the experimental sample, the recognized group, were more apt to have had an activist female model within the family. However, the sex difference of the role model tended to be nonsignificant.

3. The women of the experimental group tended to be more theoretically oriented, more independent and more self- reliant .

4» Those women who have been recognized tended to be older, to be or have been employed, to be unmarried, and to have worked in a non-traditional female job.