Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Counseling Psychology & Community Services


Problem: The purpose of this study was to compare the Jungian personality types of extraversion and introversion according to sex, age periods, and familial relationship. Another major focus of this study was a comparison of extraversion and introversion with personality values.

Procedure: The subjects in this study consisted of the fathers and mothers, and sons and daughters of 27 families (a total of 112 subjects) who were members of a rural Lutheran Church in North Dakota during 1977.

All subjects were administered the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, Form F, the Study of Values, and completed a personal data form. Subjects were divided into groups based on age, sex, and familial status.

The statistical techniques employed were a one-way analysis of variance and Dunn’s ’C* Procedure for mean comparisons. The .05 level was used as the criterion level for statistical significance.

Results: 1. There was no significant difference on extraversion and introversion between the group of fathers and mothers and the group of sons and daughters. 2. No significant differences were found among fathers, mothers, sons, and daughters on extraversion and introversion. 3. No significant differences were found within the fathers, mothers, sons, and daughters groups classified by their extraversion and introversion scores on any of the six values of the Study of Values.

Conclusions: No statistically significant, support was found for differences on extraversion and introversion values according to the age stages of youth and young adulthood and middle age as postulated by Jung. No statistically significant support was found for a relationship between extraversion-introversion and personality values.