Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Melanoma is identified as the deadliest in the skin cancer category. However, early-stage detection may enhance the treatment result. In this research, a deep learning-based model, named “melNET”, has been developed to detect melanoma in both dermoscopic and digital images. melNET uses the Inception-v3 architecture to handle the deep learning part. To ensure quality optimization, the architectural aspects of Inception-v3 were designed using the Hebbian principle as well as taking the intuition of multi-scale processing. This architecture takes advantage of parallel computing across multiple GPUs to employ RMSprop as the optimizer. While going through the training phase, melNET uses the back-propagation method to retrain this Inception-v3 network by feeding the errors from each iteration, resulting in the fine-tuning of network weights. After the completion of the training step, melNET can be used to predict the diagnosis of a mole by taking the lesion image as an input to the system. With a dermoscopic dataset of 200 images, provided by PH2, melNET outperforms the work with YOLO-v2 network by improving the sensitivity value from 86.35% to 97.50%. Also, the specificity and accuracy values are found to be improved from 85.90% to 87.50%, and, from 86.00% to 89.50% respectively. melNET has also been evaluated on a digital dataset of 170 images, provided by UMCG, showing an accuracy of 84.71%, which outperforms the 81.00% accuracy of the MED-NODE model. In both cases, melNET got treated as a binary classifier and a five-fold cross validation method was applied for the evaluation. In addition, melNET has been found to perform the detections in real-time by leveraging the end-to-end Inception-v3 architecture.
Sekhar Roy, Shudipto, "melNET: A Deep Learning Based Model For Melanoma Detection" (2019). Theses and Dissertations. 2586.