Date of Award

January 2019

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Kinesiology & Public Health Education

First Advisor

Sandra Short


This study examined sleep, self-efficacy, and confidence and their effect on performance. Cadets from an Army Reserve officer training corps (ROTC) program were surveyed about their sleep quality using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), their fatigue using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), their sleep quantity using the Rosenkind formula, their confidence using the competitive trait anxiety index (CTAI-2), their self-efficacy using a task specific questionnaire, and performance was measured via the Army physical fitness test (APFT). The data from each variable was analyzed through correlations and regressions. The results support the hypothesis of cadets who have poorer sleep quality are less efficacious in their abilities subsequently score lower on their Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT). Further research is suggested to explore the mediation effect of sleep quantity and quality on self-efficacy and performance.