Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Physics & Astrophysics
In the work described here, semi-empirical, theoretical tools have been developed to address one-electron properties of substrate/adsorbate systems. The tools are adaptations of the simple, HÃ¼ckel π-electron theory and of the fast accurate-kinetic
energy theory of F. Harris et al. (FAKE) to systems involving an infinite, mostly periodic substrate via a Green-function formalism. These tools are applied here to study graphene with vacancies and adsorbates, but can be generalized. In π theory, only a small subset of substrate basis states having odd reflection symmetry through the graphene layer are used to treat electrons near the Fermi level, to a very crude level of approximation. The substrate model Hamiltonian has been extended to contain second third and fourth nearest neighbor interactions. In the FAKE method, a semi-empirical tight-binding, charge self-consistent Hamiltonian is developed in which
kinetic energy integrals are evaluated exactly and potential energy terms are extrapolated via a MÃ¼llikan formula using the overlaps. The methods are applied to anisolated atomic hydrogen adsorbate, and to vacancy and edge states on the graphene substrates. By comparing to experiments including scanning tunneling microscopy and to theoretical work including augmented plane wave (APW) and first principles density functional and other theoretic work, the theoretical tools developed here are seen to give good results and can in principle provide an efficient, potentially faster
way of handling very large adsorbed molecules.
Dhakal, Rajesh, "Semi-Empirical Methods For Electronic Properties Of Surface Adsorbed Molecules." (2017). Theses and Dissertations. 2107.