Date of Award

January 2015

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Ty Reese

Second Advisor

Caroline Campbell


Between the World Wars, as France refined its colonial structure and control over

Senegal, allowing international missionary networks to develop their own concepts of the

mission civilisatrice. Utilizing the concepts of tutelage and moral education, missionaries

in the International Missionary Council (IMC) defined their role in the French empire as

imperative to the development of African peoples. As self-proclaimed thwarters of the

degradation of the French secular state in Senegal, the IMC used concepts of tutelage and

moral education within the debates surrounding education defined the place of

missionaries within French colonialism in interwar Senegal. Through letters,

publications, and negotiations within the IMC this paper traces the rise and changes in the

organization and how they viewed the place of missions in empire.