Thomas Mrozla

Date of Award

January 2014

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Krista Lynn Minnotte


There is an ongoing discussion on how race influences the likelihood of police contact. The findings of the existing literature on how race influences the likelihood of contact with the police is fairly mixed. Although much literature exists on race alone, we know little about how different policing strategies are experienced by males and females. This research explores the effect that a suspect's gender and race will have on the likelihood that a stop will result in the suspect being frisked, arrested, or have force used against them in the five boroughs of New York City. The data for this project are taken from the New York Police Department Stop, Question, and Frisk Database. Logistic regression revealed that Blacks and males had a higher likelihood of being frisked and having forced used against them compared to their counterparts. On the other hand, findings show that Whites and females were slightly more likely to be arrested than their counterparts. Implications of these patterns for the suspects, their families, and the police are discussed.