Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
John M. Clifton
Embera KatÃo is a ChocÃ³ language of Colombia. This thesis presents the results of an acoustic analysis of the stops as produced by speakers from the departments of CÃ³rdoba and Antioquia. The analysis of the stops allows me to establish more conclusively their actual physical correlates and corresponding phonological categories.
Five male adult native speakers of Embera KatÃo were recorded on location. Each one pronounced sixty-one words in a constant sentential frame, five times each. The utterances were analyzed acoustically, measuring duration, formant onset time, pre-voicing, and burst.
Analysis of the data verifies that Embera KatÃo has three series of stops: aspirated, unaspirated and voiced. There are clear indications of systematic variation between the KatÃo of CÃ³rdoba and the KatÃo of Antioquia. As found in other languages, duration of the closure is the longest for bilabials and the shortest for velars. Conversely, FOT is the shortest for bilabials and the longest for velars. A preceding nasal vowel correlates with longer duration and shorter FOT. The most significant finding that differs from widespread tendencies in the world's languages is the fact that stress correlates with shorter FOT.
Greenfield, Gisella Teresa, "The Acoustic Qualities Of Embera Katio Stops" (2012). Theses and Dissertations. 1351.