Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
William D. Gosnold
The St. Martin impact structure is a 40 Km diameter structure located in Manitoba, Canada lies in featureless, glaciated terrain lacking any surface expression of an impact structure. The age of the structure has been re-determined to range between 224.3 Ma to 241.4 Ma which nullified a previous hypothesis suggesting this impact was part of a multiple impact event. Within the proposed structural boundary two outcrops of Archean granite are present. The first outcrop is located in what has been identified as the central peak of the impact structure. The second outcrop lies along the northeastern boundary and is known locally as Big Rock. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the relationship of Big Rock, if any, to the impact event and to constrain a more accurate diameter of the structure.
To accomplish this I conducted two geophysical surveys and used selected data from a previous survey. The two methods I conducted were: a magnetic survey and seismic reflection profiling. Selected data from a previous gravity survey was used to supplement survey results. The magnetic survey was conducted using the total field G-856 Memory-Mag proton precession magnetometer which measures local or regional field strength. The seismic reflection survey was conducted using three Geometrics Geode exploration seismographs. Due to the complexity of seismic data processing I retained an outside seismic data processing company. Previous gravity anomaly data were acquired using a LaCoste and Romberg Model G gravimeter.
The results of this geophysical investigation reveal a shallowing of granitic basement rock with exposure near Big Rock. However, a suggested listric fault near Big Rock was not identified via seismic reflection profiling, but was suggested by both the gravity and magnetic surveys. Listric faults that are genetically related to impact structures are also indicative of the structure's outer boundary and therefore can confirm that the St. Martin impact structure is indeed 40 Km in diameter.
Zivkovic, Vladimir B., "A Geophysical Investigation Of The Northeastern Rim Of The St. Martin Impact Structure, Manitoba, Canada." (2012). Theses and Dissertations. 1225.