Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)




The first "Basko" came to the American West in the early 20th century with hopes of securing a future through sheep ranching. Most planned to return home with the money they had made to start their families. However, some stayed after finding a good way to make a living and starting a family.

This research investigates what assimilation was like for those who chose to stay. How far have they come and how did they assimilate? The research spans four generations and includes fourteen interviews with Basques living in Johnson County, Wyoming. In studying the assimilation process of these families we can gain an understanding of what it was like for immigrants coming to work in rural America and how they have changed over time.

This study found that assimilation began in the second generation and was nearly complete by the third generation. Interestingly, after four generations, what it means to be Basque can change dramatically.