Date of Award
Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT)
Multiple Sclerosis -- therapy; Activities of Daily Living; Case Reports
Background and Purpose – It is estimated that approximately 2.5 million people world-wide suffer from multiple sclerosis (MS). MS is a neurological disease that impacts messages from the brain to motor and sensory nerves. This disruption can cause loss of sensation and motion to a specific region of the body. The purpose of this case study is to identify interventions used for a person with multiple sclerosis.
Case Description – The Patient is a 40-year-old male who has been suffering from MS for 27 years. He has lost the use of his lower extremities and had contractures at his knees and ankles.
Intervention – Interventions for this patient include active assistive range of motion (AAROM) and active range of motion (AROM), stretching, transfer training, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF), gait and pre-gait training, and strengthening.
Outcomes – The patient increased range of motion and strength in his lower extremities, improved sitting balance statically and dynamically, and was able to ambulate a functional distance with assistance.
Discussion – The patient was very pleased overall with his gains in activities of daily living because of the time and effort he put forth in physical therapy. There is currently not a lot of research done on chronic MS accompanied by loss of function in the lower extremities.
Nyquist, Kyle R., "Physical Therapy Interventions for Multiple Sclerosis and Diplegia" (2010). Physical Therapy Scholarly Projects. 614.