Date of Award

2015

Document Type

Scholarly Project

Degree Name

Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT)

Department

Physical Therapy

First Advisor

David Relling

Keywords

Competency-Based Education; Music Therapy -- education; Pain Management; Physical Therapy Specialty -- education

Abstract

Core competencies in pain management were recently established for prelicensure health professional education and assessed for ways that they could be integrated into professional physical therapy practice. The competencies present the expected minimal capabilities for graduating health care students for the subject of pain management. The pain competencies include 4 domains: multidimensional nature of pain, pain assessment and measurement, management of pain, and context of pain. The proposed competencies are recommended for educational programs and could be implemented for other health professions. The purpose of this study is to assess the implementation of the pain competencies in physical therapy and music therapy by surveying current licensed or board certified professionals.

Background and Purpose: Music Therapy is defined as the clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship by a credentialed professional who has completed an approved music therapy program. The goals of music therapy in pain management are to assist the patient in regaining self-control and become actively involved in the management of his/her pain. Recently, core competencies in pain management were established for prelicensure health professional education and postulated as to how they could be implemented into professional physical therapy practice. The purpose of this study is to address where these newly established competencies are applied to the professional music therapy's curriculum and physical therapy curriculums

Subjects: The subjects of the study included (200) board-certified or licensed music and physical therapy clinician's within the Midwest tri-state area of North Dakota, Minnesota, and South Dakota.

Methods: Using a web-based survey, professional music therapy and physical therapy clinician's completed an electronic survey, rated on a 6 point Likert-type scale. The survey examined the clinician's impressions of the core competencies in pain management established for prelicensed healthcare professional education and the feasibility of integration of the competencies into professional practice.

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