Date of Award


Document Type

Scholarly Project

Degree Name

Master of Physical Therapy (MPT)


Physical Therapy

First Advisor

Thomas Mohr


Athletic Injuries; Shoulder Joint -- pathology


The pathological shoulder in the pitching athlete offers a unique challenge to the therapist. Most often, the injury relates to the throwing motion itself. Therefore, for the therapist to efficiently diagnose and treat this patient population, they must be familiar with the normal biomechanics associated with pitching, and be familiar with the structures that are commonly stressed or injured during various phases of the pitch.

Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to outline the normal biomechanics associated with the pitch, review common pathologies as they relate to the stresses imposed by the pitch, and discuss current concepts regarding the rehabilitation of common shoulder injuries found in the baseball pitcher.

After reading this paper, the therapist should understand the need for specific individualized treatment approaches as they relate to common pathologies. Addressing these specific problem areas as they occur in the individual wili facilitate a safe, rapid return to activity on the part of the athlete.