Date of Award


Document Type

Scholarly Project

Degree Name

Master of Physical Therapy (MPT)


Physical Therapy

First Advisor

Beverly Johnson


Orthotic Devices; Subtalar Joint


The foot and ankle are a complex set of joints that are susceptible to various types of dysfunction, including abnormal subtalar joint pronation. An option for treatment of this problem that may be used is the prescription of orthotics. An orthotic is used to assist the foot in functioning properly and to prevent damage due to malalignment.

In this literature review, the anatomy and biomechanical function of the subtalar joint are discussed. The structure of the other joints of the foot and ankle are also mentioned. Several etiologies of abnormal pronation are discussed. In addition, changes in structure and function that may occur due to abnormal subtalar pronation are considered. Furthermore, materials used in fabricating orthotics and the methods of application of these materials are examined. The effectiveness of orthotics for abnormal subtalar joint pronation is also considered.