Date of Award


Document Type

Scholarly Project

Degree Name

Master of Physical Therapy (MPT)


Physical Therapy

First Advisor

Henry C. Wessman


Forefoot, Human; Knee -- physiology


The purpose of this study was to examine if a relationship exists between the amount of passive knee extension measured along with the degree of forefoot varus. The intent was to demonstrate that a positive relationship does exist.

Twenty single limbs were tested and all met the criteria set. Forefoot measurements were taken in the prone position, the plane of the lesser metatarsal bones was measured in relation to the bisection of the posterior aspect of the heel. Passive knee extension was recorded by measuring the distance of the lift of the calcaneus from the table, with the thigh stabilized and traction employed through the great toe.

Direct positive results were generated when correlated mean values of knee and foot groups were compared. When classified as knee values with forefoot varus types compared to those with a forefoot valgus, highly significant results were generated.

It was concluded that the great toe traction technique may provide examiners with a valuable screening tool to predict certain generalities of their patients. Upon which physical therapy measures can be employed.