Date of Award
Master of Physical Therapy (MPT)
The purpose of this study is to compare the reliability, validity, and ease of administration for various noninvasive tools used for measuring flexion of the lumbar spine. A synopsis of several clinical techniques is offered: Schober's technique, modified Schober, modified modified Schober, fingertip to floor, modified fingertip to floor, goniometer, single inclinometer, double inclinometer, and flexicurves. The results were variable for the different techniques with each having its own inherent advantages and disadvantages. Ultimately, the clinician can weigh the information presented when choosing a technique. It appears that a true gold standard has yet to be described. Therefore, it is the intention of this review to stimulate further research which will allow for greater accuracy in the measurements of flexion in the lumbar spine.
Johnson, Mary E., "A Review of Noninvasive Tools Used for Measuring Flexion of the Lumbar Spine" (1994). Physical Therapy Scholarly Projects. 238.