Date of Award


Document Type

Scholarly Project

Degree Name

Master of Physical Therapy (MPT)


Physical Therapy

First Advisor

Beverly Johnson


Amputees; Sports


Due to the increasing emphasis on fitness in our society, there has appeared a significant population of young and/or active lower extremity amputees who have a desire to participate in sports and recreational activities. The physical benefits of participation in sports and recreational activities may be obvious; however, there are many psychological and psycho-social benefits as well. In order to achieve a successful rehabilitation outcome it is imperative for the health care team to be well informed regarding sports and recreational options available for lower extremity amputees. Along with being knowledgeable in these areas, the health care professional also must possess the ability to assist the amputee in setting realistic goals.

The purpose of this literature review is to demonstrate to both the health care professional and the lower extremity amputee along with society, that lower extremity amputees can lead an active lifestyle comparable to that of the non-disabled population. This paper will also act as a resource guide and reference regarding the rehabilitation management of this particular active group of lower extremity amputees. Topics that will be explored in this review include psychological and physical benefits, biomechanics, prosthetic advances, sport adaptations and a listing of resources for both the health care professional and the amputee.