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This brief survey assessed primary and secondary control strategy use among caregivers of a family member with dementia. Psychological well-being was also measured, including perceived stress, sense of control, life satisfaction, and recent emotions. Finally, sociodemographic information relevant to caregiving was collected.


The following publications were drawn from in the process of crafting the questions used in this questionnaire:

Chipperfield, J. G., & Perry, R. P. (2006). Primary- and secondary-control strategies in later life: Predicting hospital outcomes in men and women. Health Psychology, 25, 226-236.

Chipperfield, J. G., Perry, R. P., Bailis, D. S., Ruthig, J. C., & Chuchmach, L. P. (2007). Gender differences in use of primary and secondary control strategies in older adults with major health problems. Psychology and Health, 22, 83-105.

Chipperfield, J. G., & Greenslade, L. (1999). Perceived control as a buffer in the use of health care services. The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 54, 146-154.

Chipperfield, J. G., Newall, N. E., Perry, R. P., Stewart, T. L., Bailis, D. S., & Ruthig, J. C. (2012). Sense of control in late life: Health and survival implications. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38, 1081-1092.

Ruthig, J. C., Chipperfield, J. G., Perry, R. P., Newall, N. E., & Swift, A. (2007). Comparative risk and perceived control: Implications for psychological and physical well-being among older adults. The Journal of Social Psychology, 147, 345-369.

Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24, 385-396.

Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 1063-1070.

Wrosch, C., Heckhausen, J., & Lachman, M. E. (2000). Primary and secondary control strategies for managing health and financial stress across adulthood. Psychology and Aging, 15, 387-399.

Study Information Sheet_Haverstock, Ruthig, & Chipperfield.pdf (65 kB)
Caregiving Study Information Sheet

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