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Petroleum & Petrochemical Engineering Journal




Fishbone Drilling (FbD) consists of drilling several micro-holes in different directions from the main vertical or deviated wellbore. Similar to multilateral micro-hole drilling, FbD may be used to enhance hydrocarbon production in naturally fractured formations or in refracturing operations by interconnecting the existing natural fractures. When combined with underbalanced drilling using a coiled tubing rig, FbD enhances the production further by easing the natural flow of the hydrocarbon from the reservoir to the wellbore. The design aspects of the Fishbones include determining the number, length, distance between the branches, and the angle of sidetracking of the branches from the main borehole. In addition, the design of efficient drill string components to suit the FbD conditions are another important design aspect in FbD technology development. Examples of this include a high-performance small, diameter downhole motor and the use of High Voltage Pulsed Discharge (HVPD) plasma shock waves at different pulse frequencies and wave pressures to impose shear forces on the formation to break it more easily. This paper will present a comprehensive review of the FbD technology, including some of its current applications and design aspects. The possibility of using FbD in conjunction with hydraulic fracturing to boost production by creating a network of connected fractures will be discussed, and some of its technical and economic benefits and challenges will be compared.







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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.