The Lucaogou Formation in Jimuaser Sag of Junggar Basin, China is a typical tight oil reservoir with upper and lower sweet spots. However, the pore structure of this formation has not been studied thoroughly due to limited core analysis data. In this paper, the pore structures of the Lucaogou Formation were characterized, and a new method applicable to oil-wet rocks was verified and used to consecutively predict pore structures by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) logs. To do so, a set of experiments including X-ray diffraction (XRD), mercury intrusion capillary pressure (MICP), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and NMR measurements were conducted. First, SEM images showed that pore types are mainly intragranular dissolution, intergranular dissolution, micro fractures and clay pores. Then, capillary pressure curves were divided into three types (I, II and III). The pores associated with type I and III are mainly dissolution and clay pores, respectively. Next, the new method was verified by “as received” and water-saturated condition T2 distributions of two samples. Finally, consecutive prediction in fourteen wells demonstrated that the pores of this formation are dominated by nano-scale pores and the pore structure of the lower sweet spot reservoir is more complicated than that in upper sweet spot reservoir.
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Xu, Zhaohui; Zhao, Peiqiang; Wang, Zhenlin; Ostadhassan, Mehdi; and Pan, Zhonghua, "Characterization and Consecutive Prediction of Pore Structures in Tight Oil Reservoirs" (2018). Petroleum Engineering Faculty Publications. 6.