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• One of the current problems in many affluent societies is the straightforward access to convenience and fast foods. Although these selections have suitability for today’s fast-paced world, overall nutritional value becomes the martyr of such practices. It is a logical thought that there could be a correlation between this nutritional pattern and the ever-increasing presence of obesity, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, cancer, and other conditions carrying a proverbial death sentence.

• The intent of this review of the literature was to determine the effect a plant-based diet versus an omnivorous diet would have on adults, aged 18-65, and ultimately, seek out statistically significant information that would point to proving the benefits a plant-based diet can have in producing an overall reduced risk of a cardiovascular event.

• The information obtained was done so through careful systematic review of studies that presented respectable, reproducible, and effective research methods, with the anticipation that there existed noteworthy proof that a plant-based diet, be it vegan, vegetarian, lacto-vegetarian, ovo-vegetarian, etc., can serve as an effective and sustainable means of lowering cardiovascular disease risk. While it is essential that additional studies with larger participant populations be conducted on this subject, current evidence necessitates an emphasis on dietary intervention as a primary vehicle of risk reduction for cardiovascular events, which can lead to both greater quantity and quality of life.


Physician Assistant Studies

Degree Name

Master of Physician Assistant Studies (MPAS)

First Advisor

Jay Metzger

Publication Date



Atherosclerosis -- prevention & control; Coronary Artery Disease -- prevention & control; Diet, Vegetarian; Comparative Study


Cardiovascular Diseases

Does Adherence to a Plant-Based Diet Cause a Statistically Significant Decrease in the Risk of Cardiovascular Events?