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Introduction: Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of death in the world with significant burden on the health care system.

Review of Literature: The focus of this paper is to look at previous studies, mostly systematic reviews and metaanalysis, in search of various clinical screening methods in the pediatric population for determining cardiovascular disease risk. Waist to height ratio can be used to screen children for cardiovascular disease with a specificity of 96% when using 0.55 as the cut-off point. An increase in waist circumference along with increased BMI places a child at a much higher risk of hypertension.

Results: The findings of this study demonstrate there are a variety of non-invasive methods for screening for cardiovascular risk in children such as waist circumference and waist to height ratio.

Closing statement: Waist to height ratio is very sensitive non-invasive method of determining a pediatric patients risk of cardiovascular disease rather than body mass index alone.


Physician Assistant Studies

Degree Name

Master of Physician Assistant Studies (MPAS)

First Advisor

Terrie Wold

Publication Date



Body Mass Index; Cardiovascular Diseases -- epidemiology; Cardiovascular Diseases -- etiology; Child; Risk Factors


Cardiovascular Diseases

Screening for Cardiovascular Disease in Children