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Suicide is a major cause of death in US. Military personnel are at a higher risk of committing suicide compared to the general population. The risk is exacerbated by Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and major depression.

• Few reviews have explored the effects of the recommended psychotherapeutic interventions on suicidal ideations and suicide rates for these two disorders, focusing on the veteran population. To address this, a literature search was performed through electronic databases to identify appropriate journal articles.

• Treatment with CPT and PE for PTSD has been found effective in decreasing suicidal thoughts, intents, and attempts. On the other hand, CBT has been found effective in decreasing suicidal thoughts among veterans with various symptoms of depression. It is important for clinicians to always assess the risk of suicide for veterans diagnosed with these conditions.

• Future research should seek to explain the mechanism by which the explored psychotherapeutic interventions decrease suicidal thoughts, intents, and attempts in patients with PTSD or depression


Physician Assistant Studies

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Military personnel, veterans Post-traumatic stress disorder, cognitive processing therapy, prolonged exposure therapy, depression, major depressive disorder, cognitive behavioral therapy, suicide attempts, suicide rates, suicidal thoughts, suicidality


Medicine and Health Sciences

Decreasing Suicidal Risks among Military Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder or Major Depression